The Effectiveness of Spiritual Intelligence Training on Resilience and Psychological Well-Being of Adolescents with High-Risk Behaviors

The effectiveness of spiritual intelligence training on high-risk behaviors

Spiritual Resilience Psychological well-being High-risk behaviors


  • Sahar Navari
  • Mehdi Yekani MSc in Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Khoi Branch, Khoi, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Maryam Sadat Hosseini MSc in Counseling and Guidance, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Boshra Shapari Department of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Sanandaj, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Negin Khayat-Hesari Department of Psychology, School of Humanities and Literature, Payame Noor University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Vol 11, No 1: 2024
Quantitative Study(ies)
August 19, 2023
February 24, 2024


Background: Psychological interventions may increase resilience and psychological well-being in adolescents with high-risk behaviors. This study aims to investigate the effect of spiritual intelligence training on resilience and psychological well-being in teenagers with high-risk behavior.

Methods: The current research was semi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population of the research included all teenage girls in the second year of high school who had high-risk behaviors in Tehran Province, Iran. In this study, 30 eligible patients were selected purposefully. The researchers randomly divided the participants into two spiritual intelligence training group (15 people) and the control group (15 people). Experimental group received spiritual intelligence intervention taken from research performed by Zohar and Marshall in eight sessions of 90 minutes once a week for two and a half months, while the control group continued their everyday life and was on the waiting list. Data collection was done using high-risk behaviors of Iranian teenagers questionnaire, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and Ryff Psychological Well-Being Scale. The data were compared using multivariate and univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA). All statistical analyses were performed in SPSS software.

Results: Spiritual intelligence training intervention was effective on resilience (F = 19.63, P = 0.001, η2 = 0.625) and psychological well-being (F = 28.54, P = 0.001, η2 = 0.672). The results showed that using spiritual intelligence training increased resilience and psychological well-being in teenagers with high-risk behavior.

Conclusion: Using spiritual intelligence training increases resilience and psychological well-being in teenagers with high-risk behavior. Therefore, spiritual intelligence training is recommended for teenagers with high-risk behavior to increase resilience and psychological well-being and improve their quality of life.

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